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ODRAZ B92, Belgrade Daily News Service
Odraz B92 vesti (by 9 PM), January 18, 1997
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.siicom.com/odrazb/
All texts are Copyright 1997 Radio B92. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
We wish to apologize for the recent delays of our bulletins. These
have been result of technical problems with the international
Editorial staff of Odraz B92
NEWS BY 9 PM
FISCHER DEMANDS ISOLATION OF SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC
Lennie Fischer, European Parliament spokeswoman in Strazbourg,
demanded Saturday that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic be
totally isolated from the international community, FoNet reported
In an interview with Berlin radio 'Deutchland Funk', Fischer
opposed the idea of new sanctions as they would hit Serbian people
and not the authorities
She underlined that clear international support to the opposition
in Serbia and political isolation of Milosevic were essential to
drive the message home to Mr. Milosevic that his behaviour as
Ms. Fischer also said that there was a serious threat of civil war
in Serbia and she urged for prompt action.
But Ms. Fischer concluded that Milosevic's persoanl political
future was not a matter of European concern. ``Maybe there the
possibilty of dialogue still exists, if, that is, the Serbian
President recognizes local election results in full,''
PROTEST OF ZAJEDNO: DUSAN MATKOVIC FOR NEW PRIME MINISTER?
More than thirty thousand people in Belgrade celebrated the 60th
day of protests at the November election fraud on Saturday.
Opposition leader, Zoran Djindjic, one of the Zajedno told
demonstrators that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic was
deliberating a government reshuffle at a moment when the whole was
watching for something crucial to happen in Serbia.
He announced that a candidate for the post of Serbian Prime
Minister was Dusan Matkovic, manager of a foundery in Smederevo,
and an ``expert at growing mushrooms.''
Mr. Djindjic added that the Serbian President's plans for
privatization were a pretext for further robbery of the people.
He then warned that according to this privatization plan,
Milosevic would turn Serbia into his own private company. Djindjic
invited demonstrators to bring their pets to Sunday's march
through the Belgrade streets for ``although the essence of this
political system is inhuman, maybe it will spare the animals.''
Oppostion leader Vuk Draskovic condemned ``the often hypocritical
attitude of the international community, who only form agreements
with those who disregard their demands.'' ``If you do not have
other means of pressure, do not threaten him [Milosevic] with
isolation,'' was his message Saturday to the international
In a summary of events over the past 2 months, Mr. Draskovic
judged that the SPS's rule had been totally undermined. He sadi
that the SPS had lost support in the army, the police and the
Church and their only remaining support was from, in his words
``the greatest factory of lies in the world'' -- the state-owned
Radio Television Serbia and the publishing house Politika, and the
Yugoslav United Left, who were now virtually leading the SPS.
Draskovic promised that even these last pillars of support to the
SPS would soon give way.
Opposition leader Vesna Pesic said that Mr. Milosevic had shown
how ill-informed he was as had sacked from his party all those who
had sought to tell him the truth about the current election
After Saturday's meeting, a column of demonstrators headed for
their march in Knez Mihajlova Street, which was surrounded by riot
POLICE BEAT DEMONSTRATORS IN SABAC
At the start of Zajedno protest meeting in Sabac on Saturday,
several policemen beat demonstrators, while other riot police
forced the crowd back to Sabac's Liberty Square.
Exact numbers of those beaten are still unknown.
The protest meeting in Sabac continued after local Zajedno leaders
managed to calm the situation. At the end of the protest, some 100
protestors managed to break through riot police cordonsline and
march unimpeded through the centre.
SPO: REGIME DELIBERATELY CAUSING LEGAL CHAOS
2 months after the second round of local elections the government
is still unwilling to recognise the official and full results of
those elections, said a statement from the Serbian Renewal
Movement (SPO) Saturday.
The SPO also accused the ruling parties of trying to confuse the
general public by ``bombarding'' it daily with contradictory
statements from various jurists, courts and commissions.
The SPO concluded that the government had only managed to stay in
power only thanks to this confusion and condemned those judges and
legal experts who had helped to create it.
HASANOVIC: SPS WILL APPEAL
Tahir Hasanovic, Secretary General of 'New Democracy' (ND) told
Reuters on Sunday that he expected the Socialist Party of Serbia
(SPS) to appeal against the decision of the Belgrade Electoral
Commission. That decision recognized Zajedno's election victories
in the Belgrade City Assembly. According to Hasanovic, this would
show that the SPS was not prepared to ``end the crisis
COVIC: MILOSEVIC IN DANGEROUS SURROUNDINGS
Nebojsa Covic, current Mayor of Belgrade, told the daily 'Dnevni
Telegraf' Saturday that he had had a meeting with Serbian
President Slobodan Milosevic three days before he was dismissed
from the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS).
He said he had urged Milosevic to end the crisis by recognizing
the opposition victories in the November local elections and to
open dialogue with the oppostion and encourage free media.
Mr. Milosevic allegedly promised to reply to his requests a day or
two later. Mr. Covic now fears that his expulsion from the SPS may
be an indication of type of solution Milosevic has chosen.
Mr. Covic also stated that the SPS had dismissed him on the
grounds that his demands and public support for students had
tarnished the party's reputation.
But the ``official version'' was somewhat different: it attributed
his dismissal to conflicts with SPS member and President of SPS
Belgrade Socialists, Branislav Ivkovic, as well as his
mismanagement of the Nis election campaign.
``I kept trying to convince Milosevic to get rid of the dangerous
and unscrupulous people who surround him and who are capable of
dragging us [Serbia] to a tragic end,'' claimed Covic, adding that
it was those same people who had persuaded Milosevic that the
results of the second round of local elections could be annulled
He then named top party members he though most responsible for the
election crisis [JUL's] Zoran Todorovic, [and the SPS's] Branislav
Ivkovic, Gorica Gajevic, Nikola Sainovic.
The teachers' branch of the trade union Nezavisnost [Independence]
staged a protest ``public lesson'' in Belgrade's Republic Square
The 'lesson' was attended by over a thousand teachers and citizens
of Belgrade. Jelena Hristodulo, chair of the Steering board of the
teachers' branch outlined their key demands:
1. that all overdue wages be payed
2. that Serbian Minister for Education, Dragoslav Mladenovic,
3. that Employment regulations be changed.
Ms. Hristodulo announced that teachers throughout Serbia would
strike unless their demands were met by January 21 and that
``public protest lessons'' would be held daily in Belgrade's
The teachers gave sent their full support to student and Zajedno
After their public lesson, the teachers marched along Knez
Mihajlova Street. But that walk was stopped by riot police at the
junction of Knez Mihajlova and 7. Jula Street. The teachers then
joined the protest meeting of the coalition Zajedno.
WALKS AND NOISE
The campaign to drown our the noise of the state television's
prime time news bulletin continued Saturday. Banging drums, or any
other make-shift noise-making instrument, was accompanied by
citizen walks through their neighbourhoods. The residents of
Senjak made their bit of noise on Saturday by ringing the
interphone of Yugoslav Foreign Minister Milan Milutinovic's home
in their neighbourhood. They were disappointed to find nobody at
PROTEST IN PRISTINA
Some 2,000 Serbs and Montenegrins gathered on Sataurday in central
Pristina to protest Friday's assassination attempt on Radivoj
Papovic, Chancellor of the University of Pristina.
Mr. Simic, Mayor of Pristina, was the first to address the crowd.
He described the attempted assassination as one in a series of
attempts to destabilize Serbia. ``Albanian extremists and
separatists who openly promote the secession of Kosovo and
Metohija, while pretending to be peace-makers, democrats in front
of the international community and support the opposition protests
in Serbia, are actually carrying out the worst political terrorism
and ethnic cleansing here,'' Simic said.
Mr. Simic also accused the opposition and students demonstrating
in the Serbian capital of colluding with Albania and the
international community to destroy Serbia.
Danijela Dimic, Vice-President of the Kosovo branch of the
Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), also addressed the crowd, but as
Ms. Dimic said that there was a link between the latest terrorist
actions in Kosovo and demonstrations in Belgrade and condemned
both actions as organized from abroad and aimed at breaking
Immediately after the protest meeting ended, the Student Alliance
of the University of Pristina distanced itself from her statement.
Zivojin Rakocevic, head of the Student Alliance of the UofP, said
Dimic had no right to speak in the name of the students of the
UofP. ``Our position is that Serbian people in Kosovo must be
secure but without any political interference and without turning
somebody else's misfortune to another person's advantage.''
Mr. Rakocevic also said that they supported the process of
democratization in Serbia and that demonstrations in Belgrade and
other cities in Serbia were by no means destructive.
``The position of the Student Alliance's was full support to all
who wish to live peacefully and democratically in a country where
there will be neither terrorism nor any distortions of the truth,
and truth has certainly been endangered in Serbia in the last
couple of months,'' said Rakocevic.
An investigation into the attempted assassination is under way.
Teaching in the University of Pristina has been stopped until
WASHINGTON WAITS FOR TERM OF APPEAL TO EXPIRE
AP Belgrade reported that Yugoslav Foreign Minister Milan
Milutinovic had met with U.N. Special Envoy for Human Rights
Elizabeth Rhen on Saturday.
Minister Milutinovic informed Special Envoy Rhen that the students
of the UofB had been paid to protest by foreign powers, whose aim
it was to destabilize Serbia, reports for FoNet Slobodan Pavlovic.
Meanwhile The U.S. have been reserved in further responses to the
situation in Serbia, waiting for the term of appeal against the
Belgrade Electoral Commission's decision to recognize opposition
victory to expire.
Representative of the State Department, Nicholas Burns, stated
Saturday that President Milosevic was continuing to play his old
tricks. Mr. Burns said President Milosevic did not seem to realize
that the international community demanded the unconditional and
immediate appointment of opposition representatives to their
rightful posts in local government.
The State Department concluded that the U.S. and Europe were
united in their intention to maintain pressure on President
Milosevic until he fulfilled the demands of the Gonzalez report.
RUSSIAN MEDIA ON SERBIA
Russian independent tv network NTV reported that recent stories
about divisions in the ruling Socialist Party and the readiness of
the Serbian authorities to gratify the demands of protests for
democracy had proved hasty.
Russian newspaper 'Sevodnia' said demonstrators will keep to the
streets until they succeed in securing free access to the media
and finally toppling Milosevic.
DJINDJIC VISITS BONN -- NEWS OF DAY IN GERMANY
The news of the day on German Television Saturday was Saturday's
meeting between German Foreign Minister Claus Kinkel and Serbian
opposition leader Zoran Djindic.
This was taken by opposition as a clear sign that the German media
ascribe huge importance to Djindjic's visit. Djindjic will return
to Belgrade after discussions on Sunday.
``DNES:'' OPPOSITION IN SERBIA IS NOT MARGINAL GROUP
A commentary in the Sunday issue of the Czech daily 'Mlada Fronta
-- Dnes' noted the growing international standing of the
opposition leaders in Serbia. It, however, expressed doubt about
the success of their struggle.
``The protests, regardless of their power, remain for the most
part limited to the [Serbian] capital. In the whole course of the
protest, a general strike was not staged in Serbia. All in all, it
is a minority rather than majority of the 10m Serbian inhabitants
that express their opposition to the regime,'' read the
The commentary stated that opposition is now, after its victory
has been recognized in Belgrade and Nis, (sic) at a cross-roads:
whether to risk defeat by persisting in its demands (if the turn-
out for their daily protest decreases), or to capitalize on what
has been achieved so far and re-direct its efforts towards the
forthcoming presidential elections. ``Whatever the case, the
oppostion [in Serbia] has shown for the first time that it is not
a marginal group Milosevic can use to brag abroad that he runs a
democratic country,'' the commentary concluded.
NB. Note from the Editor. The information that 'Mlada Fronta' cite
concerning recognition of opposition wins in Belgrade and Nis is
incorrect. Belgrade demonstrators were still waiting Saturday to
hear whether or not the Socialist Party had appealed the ambiguous
decision of local electoral commissions on Tuesday.
PROTESTS THROUGHOUT SERBIA
Protests at the cancellation of opposition wins in the second
round of local elections continue in cities throughout Serbia. On
Saturday, protest meetings were held, among others in Jagodina,
Kragujevac, Becej, Kraljevo, Svilajnac and Nis.
Only demonstrators in Kraljevo had the privilege of going on an
unimpeded march. No incidents with the police were reported in
other protesting cities.
DNEVNI TELEGRAF: STUDENTS THANK TV NAIS
Students of the University of Nis ended their usual march though
the streets of Nis on Saturday in front of TV Nais, the so-called
first independend television station in Nis. Student
representatives presented the general manager of TV Nais with an
used TV set.
That present was meant to convey the students' gratitude for the
opening of a channel for the free flow of information through this
tv station. The students stressed the importance of this in
encouraging the citizens of Nis to keep up their struggle.
Students of UofN have scheduled an evening march for Sunday and
invited the citizens of Nis to join them.
ZAGREB: PANEL ON INDEPENDENT MEDIA
A panel of independent media representatives, organized by the
International Federation of Journalists, began in Zagreb Saturday.
The panel has over one hundred participants -- journalists for the
independent media in the region of the former Yugoslavia, reported
FoNet's Zoran Sekulic.
One of the panel's preliminary conclusions was that there will be
no lasting peace in South-Eastern Europe without further
development of democracy, respect for the human rights and the
freedom of the media.
Participants agreed that there is a huge pressure on the
independent media in their respective countries.
Sasa Markovic, General Manager of Belgrade's Radio B92, stressed
the importance of local media for the free flow of information.
Senad Pecanin, Editor of Sarajevo weekly 'Nasi Dani', warned that
the Croat state television and Radio Television Serbia have
invaded the media space of Bosnia Herzegovina. He reported that
the frist contacts between the independent media in Federation of
Bosnia Herzegovina and Republic of Srpska have been established.
Viktor Ivanic, from the Split newspaper Feral Tribune, warned that
independend media faced a difficult time in Croatia following the
introduction of the Law on Verbal Delict. Croatia suffers a
deficit of foreign enemies, so the government is looking for
enemies within, he specified.
MEP DORIS PACK VISITS RS
MEP Doris Pack visited Banja Luka on Saturday, newsagency SRNA
reportes. During her stay, Ms. Pack met with members of the
Association of Families of Missing and Captured Fighters and
Civilians of the Republic of Srpska (RS).
The association representatives informed her that there have been
1,004 Serb fighters and several thousand of civilians reported
missing. Ms. Pack confirmend that there are 13 Serb captives in
prisons in Split, Croatia and that their release is being
TRIALS FOR CRIMES AGAINST SERBS POSTPONED UNTIL MARCH 10
The International Tribunal for War Crimes in former Yugoslavia has
postponed the beginning of Zejnil Delalic, Hasim Delic, Esad
Landic and Zdravko Mucic's trials until March 10. The four Muslims
are indicted for murder and torture against Serbs in the detention
camp of Celebic, central Bosnia, reports AFP. The postponement was
granted on the request of the defence who demanded more time to
prepare their cases.
U.S. ASSURE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT THEY DO NOT FAVOUR SERBS
Presidency of Bosnia Herzegovina announced Sunday that the U.S.
have offered assurances that they do not favour the Bosnian Serbs
in arbitration over Brcko, reported AFP.
SOMARUGA ANNOUNCES GREATER AID TO THE RS
Chair of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC),
Cornelio Somaruga, told a press conference in Banja Luka Sunday
that increased ammounts of aid would be sent to 'Republica Srpska'
(RS), reported the RS newsagency SRNA.
Somaruga said that most of the aid sent by the international
organizations went mainly to the Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina.
The ICRC will, therefore, send a larger part of its future aid
supplies to the elderly, disabled and refugees in the RS.
Somaruga stated that there have been 18,000 registered missing
persons out of which 1,800 are sought by the RS and 13,100 by the
Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina. He warned that ``the exchange of
corpses would no longer be tolerated and rejected all allegations
that there were secret prisons in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Somaruga met RS President Biljana Plavsic on Saturday. Mrs.
Plavsic stressed that the ICRC must keep up the pressure on
politicians in order to solve the problem of missing and captured
Prepared by: Aleksandra Scepanovic
Edited by: Mary Anne Wood
ODRAZ B92, Belgrade Daily News Service
e-mail: email@example.com URL: http://www.siicom.com/odrazb/